Jim Bolger’s Decent Society

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Image from: http://www.livestrong.com/article/391288-nutritional-values-of-a-slice-of-cherry-pie

Jim Bolger, early in his interview with Guyon Espiner in the The Ninth Floor series on five Prime Ministers, stated that New Zealanders believe more in fairness whereas North Americans believes more in  freedom.

As a result of listening to the interview, I have to reassess my ideas of Jim Bolger, a man I absolutely did not support when he was Prime Minister.  I have to allow that Jim Bolger and his government set in motion some very good things – they were the first to honour the Treaty of Waitangi and they ushered in proportional representation.  However, they also set in motion some very bad things as well.  My dislike was related to Bolger’s disempowerment of the union movement and for his right wing fiscal policy as seen in Ruth Richardson’s Mother of All Budgets.  The effects of both are still in play today, the rich being so much richer and the poor being so much poorer.  We always knew and said so, Jim, that trickle down economics could never work!

Yet listening to Guyon’s interview of Bolger, I gained new found respect for the man.  He admitted that these initiatives have been taken too far.  He sought a decent society where advantage was fairly spread.  The current world, he says, is neither decent nor fair.

  • Neo-liberalism has failed;
  • Unions should have a much stronger voice;
  • Treaty of Waitangi settlements may not be full and final after all; and
  • Maori language tuition should be compulsory in primary schools.

These are largely Green Party – Labour sentiments, with which I totally agree.  I also agree with Mr Bolger on his more centre-right attitude towards immigration.  He speaks loud and clear in admiration and favour of refugees and immigrants, who, like our forbears, courageously leave all that is familiar to build a better life for their families.  He believes that immigration provides good outcomes for our society.  He sees the sentiments behind Brexit and Trumpery as pure racism akin to that of Hitler.

Yet you, Mr Bolger, and we are to blame.  We have allowed the rich to get richer and we have marginalised the poor, the people who feel they don’t belong and haven’t been heard, who haven’t had the choices that education affords.  The ultimate indication of our wrong doing, says Bolger, is that we are building more prisons than schools.  So now the disadvantaged are speaking up, loud and clear.  But instead of blaming those who fleece them, they are blaming the immigrant.

Fairness and education.  So important.

Fairness.  In his 2013 Democracy Journal article entitled Of Freedom and Fairness, Jonathan Haidt says there are three types of fairness, procedural fairness, distributive fairness, and fairness of opportunity.  Quoting Obama’s 2012 State of the Nation address, he states:

“We can restore an economy where everyone gets a fair shot, and everyone does their fair share, and everyone plays by the same set of rules.” The second phrase (“fair share”) is a clear plea for fairness as proportionality, and the third phrase (“same set of rules”) is a clear plea for procedural fairness. But what should we make of that first phrase, “everyone gets a fair shot”? What exactly is a fair shot?”

He goes on to say that both sides of the political spectrum see having a fair shot in terms of liberty.  The right has a negative view of liberty – the government leaving you alone to go about your business.  The left has a positive view of liberty – the ability to make choices and fulfill your potential because you have the power and resources to do so, the welfare state being a fine example of this.  I think, Mr Bolger, that, while you dallied with the former, in the end, you prefer the latter.

So how do we put it right?  I agree with scientist, Nicola Gaston, who, in a NZHerald interview plumped for lifelong education:

“I’d like to see far less focus on the utilitarian value of education for students coming straight out of school, who haven’t even had the opportunity to vote yet, let alone figure out what they want to do with the rest of their lives. If we actually value knowledge in New Zealand, we should put our money where our mouths are, and enable everyone to participate in learning as a life-long activity.”

Because education has become too utilitarian and too expensive, we have too many who are easily swayed by extreme right wing fat cats, obscenely wealthy because they took more than their fair share (e.g. Trump and his tax evasion).  Those swayed have been hoodwinked by the fat cats into believing that their social ills are because of the immigrants, not because of the fat cats!

Which brings me to Saturday’s Earth Day March for Science.  As reported in the New Zealand Herald, “Kiwi scientists are set to take to the streets in solidarity with US colleagues protesting against the policies of President Donald Trump – while also calling attention to concerns facing the sector at home.”  These include the government’s disregard for science that draws attention to water issues related to over-dairying, our society’s anti-immigration sentiments and other issues related to diversity and equality which are based on racism and ignorance, and the increase in anti-intellectualism in general which many blame on infotainment and fear-mongering through social media.

A fair and decent society, as Mr Bolger says, depends on each citizen feasting on a good slice of the education pie.

So thank you, Guyon Espiner, for another excellent interview of a Prime Minister, and for stimulating so much end-of-week thinking.

“What people want…

…is a job, someone to love, somewhere to live, and something to hope for. ” Norman Kirk, Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1972-1974.  Reminds me of the Bible verse learned long ago from Hebrews 11:1: Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.

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My substance and evidence of hope.  A job.  Teaching.  I hoped for this from the time of was about eight years old.  Someone to love and to be loved.  So lucky to have such a supportive husband and children of whom I am so proud.  Somewhere to live.  I am grateful to live in a beautiful land, and in a special little community beside the sea where I plan to retire.  Something to hope for: being useful in the now and in the future.  That part is a little more nebulous because who knows what the future holds.  All we can do is know the one who holds the future and dare to dream and to make the best possible choices and to enjoy the ride.  But how lucky we are to have choices, to have something to believe in, to have hope.

“What people want is a job, someone to love, somewhere to live, and something to hope for. ” These words were raised in the second episode of The Ninth Floor, when Guyon Espiner was interviewing Mike Moore, Labour Member of Parliament, Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister between 1972 and 1999, who went on to become Director General of the World Trade Organisation.  To be WTO chair and a Trade Union member at the same time shows the measure of the man and his Labour dreams of which he has never let go.

The equally good first episode in The Ninth Floor series interviewed Sir Geoffrey Palmer (MP, DP and PM between 1979 and 1990), who has since returned to Academia.  Where Moore seemed to have led from the heart, Palmer seemed to have led from the head.   Both men, however, pulled in the same direction.

Further episodes in the series will interview Jim Bolger (PM 1990-1997), who went on to become Ambassador to the USA and chaired Kiwibank and Kiwirail, Dame Jenny Shipley (PM 1997-1999), who went on to become an independent director and speaker, and Helen Clark (PM 1999-2008), who has been the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009 to 2017.

The series, The Nonth Floor is, in my opinion, excellent journalism on behalf of the team led by executive producer, Tim Watkin, and interviewer, Guyon Espiner.  I am looking forward to the next three interviews.  A pity John Key has so far declined.  I’d like to hear his thoughts also.

We need more of such journalism instead of the the usual trashy offerings that swing between mindless infotainment and belligerent confrontationalism and that rob us of our dignity and hope, instead playing on such emotions as jealousy, Schadenfreude, unhealthy obsession and embarrassment.  What irritates me is that those who create such news programmes think these are what we, the people, want.  They assume we all belong to the great unwashed uneducated, and instead of inspiring us they attempt to entice us with unhealthy intrigues and celebrity or else bully us with shame and fear.  They could inspire us with hope and integrity to think and to reason.

What the media so frequently offers is certainly not what this person wants!  I’m with Norman Kirk – I want a job, someone to love, somewhere to live, and something to hope for.  The media has a role to play here, as do politicians.  That’s why The Ninth Floor is so good.  No tacky infotainment or unhealthy sensationalism. It gives us hope in our future as we explore our past.

Thank you to the team of The Ninth Floor for honouring our former Prime Ministers, who gave their all to provide us with the tangible substance of things hoped for: jobs, families, homes, a future.  The current Prime Minister, Bill English, despite being a National Party parliamentarian, he also gives me hope.  His web site says that he is “focused on tackling New Zealand’s toughest social problems, including inequality, welfare dependence and the educational under achievement of Maori and Pasifika children, aiming to give all New Zealanders the best chance of succeeding.”  That sounds like Labour to me.  That gives me plenty to hope for.

Waitangi Day – 6th February

treatyImage from the Human Rights Commission website.

This is the day in 1840 when the Crown, represented by William Hobson, and 40 Maori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand.  By the end of that year more than 500 other chiefs around the nation had also signed this treaty. Article One  gave Queen Victoria the right to complete government; Article Two gave Maori chieftainship over their lands, villages and treasures but allowed them to sell their land to the Crown for agreed-upon sums; and Article Three gave Maori the same rights and duties as the British colonisers (NZHerald).

In the 1980s, after many protests and political marches, the Treaty became rightfully enshrined in New Zealand’s law and stands in many ways instead of a constitution. “By the end of the 1980s these included several pieces of legislation, the requirement that government agencies be more bicultural in their mode of operation, and an extension of the Waitangi Tribunal’s powers, allowing it to investigate claims dating back to 1840” (NZHistory).

Consequently, this treaty is a very important part of who we are as a nation.

However, as they have done since the 1980s, a small group at Te Tii marae have once again hijacked what should be a celebration of partnership, a celebration of our nationhood. They have made New Zealand’s special day all about them, grabbing attention away from what is good about us, together. It is so uncivilised, so ungracious. They have been slow to acknowledge that the government has worked hard to rectify the many wrongs wrought in the past and has promised to continue doing so until all are satisfied. Yet they will never be satisfied. They are out of control and year after year bring shame and negativity to a day that should celebrate our togetherness, while not forgetting the past. This small group spoil the day for everybody else.

What arrogance to not allow the democratically elected Prime Minister to speak at that place of partnership, and, while I am at it, what arrogance to not allow women to speak, to stand equal, as they are in the nation’s laws, alongside their menfolk. They claim  ‘culture’, but a generation ago , such prejudice against women was also part of the mainstream culture of our land. It is no longer. Why do we continue to allow such sexism at national celebrations when it is against the laws that govern our land?

I wish, instead, that the folk at Te Tii would turn their attention to making a positive difference in our nation. How about campaigning with the rest of us for compulsory Maori language learning in schools instead of chucking rags at the Queen and dildos at Ministers of Parliament. That achieves nothing but alienation.

For goodness sake, Te Tii, do something positive for a change!

As a result of the uncouth and rude behaviour witnessed at Te Tii, I have come to dread the shame of our national day. No wonder most Kiwis see it as simply a gift of another day off work to go to the beach, to picnic and to enjoy the beautiful summer weather.